The three primary components of a business, financial resources, capital, and human resources, are effective for business management because they provide the necessary foundation for a company to operate and grow.

What is Business Management?

Business management is the process of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling the resources (financial, human, and material or capital) of a business to achieve its objectives. The primary goal of business management is to maximize profits while minimizing costs and risks.

Why is this important?

In business management, managers use a variety of tools and techniques to manage the resources of a company effectively. This includes strategic planning, decision-making, financial management, marketing, operations management, and human resource management. Effective business management requires a deep understanding of the company's goals, a clear vision for the future, and the ability to adapt to changing market conditions.

Business management is critical to the success of any organization, regardless of its size or industry. It enables a company to navigate the complexities of the business world, make informed decisions, and stay competitive in the marketplace. Effective business management can help a company grow, improve its profitability, and achieve long-term success.

How do the three main components of business play an important role?

These three primary components (financial resources, capital, and human resources) play a vital role in determining the success of the company.

Financial Resources


Financial resources refer to the money or funds available to a business for investment and operations. It includes assets such as cash, accounts receivable, and inventory, as well as liabilities such as accounts payable and debts. Financial resources enable a company to invest in new opportunities, expand its operations, and sustain itself during difficult times.



Capital is a broader concept than financial resources, as it refers to all the assets of a company, both tangible and intangible. It includes physical assets such as buildings, equipment, and property, as well as intellectual property such as patents, trademarks, and brand recognition. Capital provides the business with the means to generate profits, attract customers, and innovate.

Human Resources

Human Resources

Human resources refer to the people who work for a business, including employees, managers, and executives. They are the backbone of a company, and their knowledge, skills, and expertise contribute significantly to its success. Human resources also encompass the company's culture, values, and work environment, which can impact employee retention, productivity, and job satisfaction.

However, these three primary components only work well when they are managed with the key functional areas of a business. These six functional areas of a business are legal, manufacturing or service production, marketing, accounting, financing, and human resources. Each of these areas has specific roles and responsibilities within a company, and they must work together cohesively to ensure the success of the business.

Let’s have a look at these six functional areas in detail:

  • Legal:

    The legal department is responsible for ensuring that the company's contracts and agreements are legally binding and enforceable. This includes drafting contracts, negotiating terms, and resolving disputes.

  • Manufacturing or Service Production:

    The manufacturing or service production department is responsible for creating and delivering the company's products or services. This includes sourcing raw materials, overseeing the production process, and ensuring quality control.

  • Marketing:

    The marketing department is responsible for promoting the company's products or services to potential customers. This includes conducting market research, creating advertising campaigns, and managing social media and other promotional activities.

  • Accounting:

    The accounting department is responsible for managing the company's financial resources. This includes maintaining accurate financial records, preparing financial statements, and managing accounts payable and receivable.

  • Financing:

    The financing department is responsible for managing the company's financial resources, including raising capital and managing debt. This includes working with investors, managing loans, and maintaining relationships with financial institutions.

  • Human Resources:

    The human resources department is responsible for managing the company's workforce. This includes recruiting and hiring employees, managing benefits and compensation, and providing training and development opportunities.

In conclusion, financial resources, capital, and human resources are all critical components of a business's value, and companies need to balance and manage them effectively to achieve long-term success. Each of these functional areas plays a crucial role in the success of a business, and they must work together effectively to achieve the company's goals and objectives.